We demonstrate the API concepts based on the following example:


Lets assume you have an app geodata with two languages (en, de) and a schema cities with two fields:

  1. name: String (localizable)
  2. population: Number (not localizable)

Then your content has the following structure in the API:

    "id": "01",
    "created": "2017-02-25T19:56:35Z",
    "createdBy": "...",
    "lastModified": "2017-02-25T19:56:35Z",
    "lastModifiedBy": "...",
    "data": {
        "name": {
            "de": "München",
            "en": "Munich"
        "population": {
            "iv": 1400000

General structure

Please note that each field has an partitioning defined. It says how each field is structured. The most simple partitioning is the invariant partitition, which only allows a single key iv. If the field is localizable we use the iso codes from the languages that you defined in your app settings as keys.

Read more about it at here.

OData Conventions

The Squidex API supports the OData url convention to query data.

We support the following query options.


The $top query option requests the number of items in the queried collection to be included in the result. The default value is 20 and the maximum allowed value is 200.



The $skip query option requests the number of items in the queried collection that are to be skipped and not included in the result. Use it together with $top to read the all your data page by page.


or combined with top


The $search query option allows clients to request entities matching a free-text search expression. We add the data of all fields for all keys to a single field in the database and use this combined field to implement the full text search.


Note: You can either use $search or $filter but not both.


The $filter system query option allows clients to filter a collection of resources that are addressed by a request URL.

Find the city with the english name Munich

https://cloud.squidex.io/api/content/geodata/cities?$filter=data/name/de eq Munich

Find all cities with a population or more than 100000 people

https://cloud.squidex.io/api/content/geodata/cities?$filter=data/population/iv gt 100000

Find all the term items which belong to a certain vocabulary item: let's say you'd like to tag your articles and you'd like to categorize these tags. In this case you would have a term schema and a vocabulary schema. Each term would have a reference field to vocabulary with the validation set to only allow a single element. To find only those term items which belong to vocabulary with id e46aca5e-5067-408f-b90f-ea441314385a you would do the following request:

https://cloud.squidex.io/api/content/testapp/term?$filter=data/vocabulary/iv eq 'e46aca5e-5067-408f-b90f-ea441314385a'

Note: You can either use $search or $filter but not both.


The $orderby system query option allows clients to request resources in a particular order.

e.g. find the top 20 biggest cities by population:

https://cloud.squidex.io/api/content/geodata/cities?$orderby=data/population/iv desc$top=20

Read more about OData at: http://docs.oasis-open.org/odata/odata/v4.0/odata-v4.0-part2-url-conventions.html


The API uses the eventual consistency. Events are handled in the background as described under architecture. This means that it can take to up a second until the data is available to the query side. Under very high load it can even take more time. If you receive a success status code when you create or update an content you have the guarantee, that it has been written to the database successfully. You can also make another write operation directly, e.g. to publish the content.

There are some tricks to deal with it in the UI: http://danielwhittaker.me/2014/10/27/4-ways-handle-eventual-consistency-ui/. In our opinion this leads to a more stable and faster UI and server and it is worth it.


The API tracks the version of each content element and provides this information in the ETag content header if you make an update (POST, PUT, PATCH) or if you request a single resource. If you request multiple resources, the version is provided as a field to each entry.

You can use this header for two use cases:

  1. When you make an update you get the new version. This information can be used to find out if your change has already been written to the read store when you receive the same resource after your update.

  2. When you make an update you can use the If-Match header to pass the expected version to the API. If the version does not match to the version in the database another user or client has changed the same resource. Then the 412 (Precondition Failed) status code is returned. You should provide this information to the user and ask if the user wants to reload the data or if the resource should be overwritten (just do not use the If-Match header for the second request).

Read more about the If-Match header at: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Headers/If-Match

NOTE: Property names with dashes are not supported in OData. Use underscore instead.

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