Roles & Permissions

Roles and permissions provide users the ability to view, change and delete contents, assets and settings.

Permissions in Squidex

Squidex uses a fine grained permission system. Permissions are defined with a dot-notation as outlined below.
  • squidex
  • squidex.apps.{app}.clients
  • squidex.apps.{app}
  • squidex.apps.{app}.contents
  • squidex.apps.{app}.contents.{schema}
  • squidex.apps.{app}.contents.{schema}.read
  • squidex.apps.{app}.contents.{schema}.create
{app} and {schema} are placeholder that will be replaced with your current app name or schema name.
The system is expressed as a hierarchy. Visualizing it as a tree you get the following structure:
  • squidex
    • apps
      • {app}
        • clients
          • reader
        • contents
          • {schema}
            • read
            • create
This means that:
  • squidex gives you all permissions and makes you an administrator.
  • squidex.apps.{app} gives you all permissions for a specific app and makes you the app owner.

Defining permissions

The permission system also allows wildcards:
squidex.apps.{app}.contents.*.read gives you read access to all schemas in your app, but now write access.
Another example of a wildcard is the below:
squidex.apps.{app}.contents.contents|startups.* which gives you full access to two schemas contents and startups.
The FoodCrunch use case has a schema called contents and should not be confused with the properties of the app also called as contents.
A third example of the wildcard can be:
squidex.apps.{app}.contents.^settings.* gives you full access to all schemas except to a schema called settings.

Special permission

In the list of available permissions there is one special permissions i.e. squidex.apps.{app}.common.
This gives you the minimum permissions to access an app.
If you create a role that can view content only, this role also needs the permissions to query the configured languages and published schemas for an app. Therefore all app roles have this permissions implicitly.


Roles are used to assign one or more permissions to users. You can view the default roles and create custom roles under Roles in Settings section of the app.

Default roles

Squidex had four default roles that cannot be deleted.
{app} is your app name.


An owner is the owner of the app and can do everything, including deleting the app.
All permissions


Users with developer role can use the API view, edit assets, contents, schemas, rules, workflows and settings.
Can use the api section the Management UI
Can view and manage assets
Can view and manage contents
Can view and manage patterns
Can view and manage rules
Can manage schemas (Viewing schemas is an implicit permission)


The editor role allows editing assets and contents and viewing workflows
Can view and manage assets
Can view and manage content


A user with reader role can only read assets and contents.
Can view content

Custom roles

You can create custom roles in the Management UI. To create a custom role, navigate to Settings (1) and then Roles (2) in your app. Enter a name (3) for the role and then click Add role (4).
For our FoodCrunch use case, we want to create a custom role for blog/magazine contributors. We will call it Contributor.
Creating a custom role
Next, click on the gear icon (5)
next to the custom role to start assigning permissions.
Custom role settings
For our FoodCrunch magazine contributors, we want to provide full access to assets and contents only of the app. The default Editor role has these permissions but it also has other permissions that allow reading roles and workflows which we want to avoid for our use case. Hence, the need for a custom role.
The following permissions will be added:
  • assets
  • contents.*
To start adding permissions, start typing a few words of the permission that you want to assign and a drop down list appears, select the desired permission and click + to add it.
So, for our use case we search for the word assets (6) and select assets (7) from the list since we want to provide all permissions for assets. Click + (8) to add it.
Adding permissions to a customer role - 1
Similarly, search for contents (9) and select contents.* (10) from the list. Click + (11) to add the permission to the custom role and then Save (12) to save the changes.
Adding permissions to a customer role - 2
All permissions will be prefixed with squidex.apps.{app} automatically, otherwise you would be able to create roles that give you permissions to another app.


As an administrator you can also assign permissions to users individually:
Custom permissions
There are some limitations to keep in mind:
  • When you assign permissions to a user manually, the user has to logout and login again for the changes to take effect as these permissions are stored as claims in the cookie.
  • Even if a user has the admin permission (squidex) or permissions for all apps (squidex.apps) he will not see them in the apps overview in the administration UI. A Squidex instance can have thousands of apps (like our cloud) and the user interface is not designed for that. Either assign them explicitly to an app, like squidex.apps.{app}, or enter the url manually.
Last modified 2mo ago